Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in wild animals treated at the Federal University of Lavras, Minas Gerais State, Brazil





Amblyomma, bird, ectoparasites, mammals, Rhipicephalus


Ticks have a great diversity of hosts, many of which are still being discovered. These parasites may be responsible for the transmission of several pathogens to animals and humans. For this reason, knowledge on tick species and their hosts is essential for planning actions in public health and fauna conservation. From February 2018 to July 2019, ticks found in animals treated at the Wild Animal Clinic of the Federal University of Lavras (UFLA) were surveyed. Animals came from nine municipalities at the southern region of Minas Gerais State, all close to the municipality of Lavras. During veterinary procedures the animals were inspected, and tick specimens were removed from the hosts’ skins with the help of tweezers, and posteriorly identified. One hundred and three specimens of ticks were removed from the hosts and allocated in five species of Amblyomma Koch, 1844 (Ixodidae) [A. nodosum (Neumann, 1899), A. sculptum Berlese, 1888, A. aureolatum (Pallas, 1772), A. calcaratum Neumann, 1899, and A. ovale (Koch, 1844)] and one of Rhipicephalus Latreille, 1806 [R. (Boophilus) microplus (Canestrini, 1888)]. Ticks were collected from: Cariama cristata (Linnaeus, 1766) (Cariamidae); Cerdocyon thous Linnaeus, 1766 and Chrysocyon brachyurus Illiger,1815 (Canidae); Leopardus pardalis Linnaeus, 1758 (Felidae); Mazama gouazoubira Fischer, 1814 (Cervidae); Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758 (Myrmecophagidae); Sphiggurus villosus (F. Cuvier, 1823) (Erethizontidae). In this study no new parasite-host relationships were found, however, wild animals can be vectors of important diseases, and monitoring the occurrence of ectoparasites in wildlife is a significant step in public health policies.


Download data is not yet available.


Bastos, T. S. A.; Madrid, D. M. C.; Faria, A. M.; Freitas, T. M. S; Linhares, G. F. C. (2016) Carrapatos em animais silvestres do bioma cerrado triados pelo Cetas, Ibama-Goiás. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 17(2): 296-302. doi: 10.1590/1089-6891v17i236239

Brum, J. G. W.; Valente, A. L. S.; Albano, A. P.; Coimbra, M. A. C.; Greque, G. G.; Ribeiro, M. (2003) Ixodidae de mamíferos silvestres atendidos no Núcleo de Reabilitação da Fauna Silvestre, UFPEL. Arquivos do Instituto Biológico, 70(2): 211-212.

Dantas-Torres, F.; Chomel, B. B.; Otranto, D. (2012) Ticks and tick-borne diseases: a One Health perspective. Trends in parasitology, 28(10): 437-446. doi: 10.1016/j.pt.2012.07.003

Dantas-Torres, F.; Siqueira, D. B.; Rameh-de-Albuquerque, L. C.; Silva-Souza, D.; Zanotti, A. P.; Ferreira, D. R.; Martins, T. F.; Senna, M. B.; Wagner P. G. C; Silva M. A., et al. (2014) Ticks infesting wildlife species in Northeastern Brazil with new host and locality records. Journal of Medical Entomology, 47(6): 1243-1246. doi: 10.1603/ME10156

De La Fuente, J.; Estrada-Pena, A.; Venzal, J. M.; Kocan, K. M.; Sonenshine, D. E. (2008) Overview: ticks as vectors of pathogens that cause disease in humans and animals. Frontiers Bioscience, 13(13): 6938-6946. doi: 10.2741/3200

Labruna, M. B; Souza, S. L. P.; Guimarães, J. S.; Pacheco, Jr. R. C.; Pinter, A.; Gennari, S. M. (2001) Prevalência de carrapatos em cães de áreas rurais da região norte do Estado do Paraná. Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, 53 (5): 53-556. doi: 10.1590/S0102-09352001000500007

Labruna, M. B.; Jorge, R. S.; Sana, D. A.; Jácomo, A. T. A.; Kashivakura, C. K.; Furtado, M. M.; Ferro, C.; Perez, S. A.; Silveira, L.; Santos, J. R. T. S., et al. (2005) Ticks (Acari: Ixodida) on wild carnivores in Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 36(1-2): 149-163. doi: 10.1007/s10493-005-2563-1

Liyanaarachchi, D. R.; Rajakaruna, R. S.; Dikkumbura, A. W.; Rajapakse, R. P. (2015) Ticks infesting wild and domestic animals and humans of Sri Lanka with new host records. Acta Tropica, 142: 64-70.doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.11.001

Luz, H. R.; Faccini, J. L. H.; Landulfo, G. A.; Berto, B. P.; Ferreira, I. (2012) Bird ticks in an area of the Cerrado of Minas Gerais State, southeast Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology, 58(1): 89-99. doi: 10.1007/s10493-012-9572-7

Martins, T. F.; Barbieri, A. R.; Costa, F. B.; Terassini, F. A.; Camargo, L. M. A.; Peterka, C. R. L.; Pacheco, R. C.; Dias, R. A.; Nunes, P. H.; Marcili, A., et. al. (2016) Geographical distribution of Amblyomma cajennense (sensu lato) ticks (Parasitiformes: Ixodidae) in Brazil, with description of the nymph of A. cajennense (sensu stricto). Parasites & Vectors, 9(1): 283-292. doi: 10.1186/s13071-016-1460-2

Martins, J. R.; Medri, I. M.; Oliveira, C. M.; Guglielmone, A. (2004) Ocorrência de carrapatos em tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) e tamanduá-mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla) na região do Pantanal Sul Mato-grossense, Brasil. Ciência Rural, 34(1): 293-295. doi: 10.1590/S0103-84782004000100048

Martins, T. F.; Milanelo, L.; Krawczak, F. D. S.; Furuya, H. R.; Fitorra, L. S.; Dores, F. T. D.; Silva, V.; Hippolito, P. A. G.; Labruna, M. B. (2017) Diversity of ticks in the wildlife screening center of São Paulo city, Brazil. Ciência Rural, 47(5): 20170152. doi: 10.1590/0103-8478cr20161052

Martins, T. F.; Onofrio, V. C.; Barros-Battesti, D. M.; Labruna, M. B. (2010) Nymphs of the genus Amblyomma (Acari: Ixodidae) of Brazil: descriptions, redescriptions, and identification key. Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 1(2): 75-99. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2010.03.002

Martins, T. F.; Teixeira, R. H. F.; Labruna, M. B. (2015) Ocorrência de carrapatos em animais silvestres recebidos e atendidos pelo Parque Zoológico Municipal Quinzinho de Barros, Sorocaba, São Paulo, Brasil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 52(4): 319-324. doi: 10.11606/issn.1678-4456.v52i4p319-324

Müller, G.; Pesenti, T. C.; Mascarenhas, C. S. (2009) Parasitos de animais silvestres com potencial zoonótico no Rio Grande do Sul. Veterinária em Foco, 6(2): 185-190.

Ogrzewalska, M.; Pacheco, R. C.; Uezu, A.; Richtzenhain, L. J.; Ferreira, F.; Labruna, M. B. (2009) Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting birds in an Atlantic rain forest region of Brazil. Journal of Medical Entomology, 46(5): 1225-1229. doi: 10.1603/033.046.0534

Silveira, J. A.; Silvestre, B. T.; Bastos, C. V.; Ribeiro, M. F. (2016) Isolation and attempted cultivation of an Anaplasma marginale strain from Brazilian brown brocket deer (Mazama gouazoubira, Fisher, 1814) in the tick cell line IDE8. Ticks and tick-borne diseases, 7(6): 1102-1108. doi: 10.1016/j.ttbdis.2016.09.001




How to Cite

Beltrame, L. B., Bernardi, L. F. de O., Martins, T. F., Labruna, M. B., Favoretto, S. M., & Guimarães, A. (2021). Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in wild animals treated at the Federal University of Lavras, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Entomological Communications, 3, ec03036. https://doi.org/10.37486/2675-1305.ec03036



Scientific Note


Most read articles by the same author(s)